The audience of the book of jonah was the people of israel and all future readers of the bible and, typically, prophets issued warnings or gave instructions to the people of israel. Jonah 1 new international version niv jonah flees from the lord. From inside the fish jonah prayed to the lord his god. He was gods instrument to carry out gods will on earth. Go to the great city of nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before me. The book of jonah and the god of second chances learn religions. The old testament book of jonah claimed that the city was an exceeding. The storys climax is jonah s grand prayer of confession, salvation comes from the lordthe middle confession of three from his lips 1. The old testament book of jonah, contains four chapters, and fortyeight verses.
Out of the belly of sheol i cried, and you heard my voice. It is the story of a man who throws everything away because of visions he develops, and a woman who has everything taken from her, turning her into a shell of a person. Go at once to nineveh, that great city, and proclaim judgment upon it. Book 23 of 43 in the niv application commentary series. So instead, jonah ran away from god and went in a ship towards the west. Jonah 1, new international version niv the bible app. The book of jonah showcases gods concern for everyone in the world. For you cast me into the deep, into the heart of the seas, and the floods surrounded me.
The lord later commanded the fish to vomit the prophet out on dry ground 2. Book of jonah overview insight for living ministries. Although the author of jonah is never identified in the book itself, jonah himself has traditionally been identified as the author. Since jonah prophesied during the reign of jeroboam ii 782753 b. Listen to chuck swindolls overview of jonah in his audio message from the classic series gods masterwork. The book of the twelve prophets was originally on one. Based on the distribution of the land to the tribes of israel, jonah belonged to the tribe of zebulun.
From deep in the realm of the dead i called for help, and you listened to my cry. Intro to jonah biblica the international bible society. Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the lord, what he did in the red sea, and in the brooks of arnon, deuteronomy 31. Jonah 14 niv jonah flees from the lord the word of. In my distress i called to the lord, and he answered me. Jonah 1 niv jonah flees from the lord the word of bible.
Jonah chapter video clips fromthe heart of the sea3dcity of nineveh song voices instrumentaldisturbed. It tells of a hebrew prophet named jonah son of amittai who is sent by god to prophesy the destruction of nineveh but tries to escape the divine mission. The book of jonah is the fifth book in the christian canons and the jewish tanakh. Apocalypse explained ae 538 11 particulars in the book of jonah are historical, and yet prophetical, involving and representing such arcana, as do all the other historicals of the word. Jonah 4, new international version niv the bible app. The last sentence emphasizes that the lords word is final and decisive, while jonah is left sitting in the hot, open country outside nineveh. The book is replete with irony, wherein much of its humor lies.
The book of jonah recounts real events in the life and ministry of the prophet himself. Jonah started out and made his way into the city the distance of one days walk, and proclaimed. It is the story of a man who throws everything away because of visions he develops, and a woman who has everything taken from. He went down to joppa and found a ship going to tarshish. Through some supernatural events, god convinced him to obey and carry out the lords plan.
After paying the fare, he went aboard and sailed for tarshish to flee from the lord. Written by the prophet jonah, son of amittai, around 785760 b. The prophetic books jonah, nahum, habakkuk, and zephaniah are brief but powerful. Jonah 1 niv bible the word of the lord came to jonah. Most have never heard about tolkiens academic works and so many people were very surprised to see that the latest new tolkien book was called the legend of sigurd and gudrun and was tolkiens version of the old norse myths. Many biblical scholars argue that the book should be dated after the exile i. You will also remember how god provided jonah with a living submarine to get him back where he belonged. Book of jonah encyclopedia of the bible bible gateway. A great difficulty in the niv translators theory is the view of the importance of the. It is an important book to both religious traditions christianity and jewish. Jonah, nahum, habakkuk, zephaniah the niv application. Early christian tradition compared the resurrection of jesus christ on the third day in the tomb to jonahs three days in the belly of the whale matthew 12. Unlike other old testament prophetic books, jonah is not a collection of the prophets oracles but primarily a narrative about the man.
Although the book is written in the third person, the traditional view is that jonah is the author of the book, and there is no persuasive reason to theorize about an unknown author. This little book therefore contains very practical lessons for every reader. An outline and a brief historical background for the book of. The book of jonah was written in the 8th century bc by jonah, whose name means dove. Israel, the northern country consisting of ten tribes, and judah, the remaining two tribes in the south. The book of jonah also serves as bulwark against the narrow and rigid thinking of the jews, that they alone were worthy of gods blessings metzger 435. Jonah 2 niv bible from inside the fish jonah prayed to. He went down to joppa, where he found a ship bound for that port.
But they could not, for the sea grew even wilder than before. Jonah is commanded to go east to nineveh but flees toward the westernmost possible point 1. Nov 19, 2012 so based on the date and message of the book of jonah, the view of this commentary is that jonah is the originator of the story, but it was passed down orally for several hundred years, being modified and changed over time, until it was eventually recorded by a later author who lived in judea during the postexilic time period, and was using the. Jonah 14 niv jonah flees from the lord the word of bible. It is less known that tolkien was actually an oxford professor and a philologist. Jonah stays 3 days inside the whale and jonah cried out to god. So based on the date and message of the book of jonah, the view of this commentary is that jonah is the originator of the story, but it was passed down orally for several hundred years, being modified and changed over time, until it was eventually recorded by a later author who lived in judea during the postexilic time period, and was using the. Ac 1188 2 but then we find a startling, thoughtprovoking passage in. Full text in english of the book of jonah my jewish learning. The book of jonah emphasizes gods control over nature as well. Nineveh was the main city of the assyrians who were the enemies of jonah s country of israel. The book of jonah is one of the key readings in judaism during yom kippur, the day of atonement, which occurs on the tenth day of tishri following rosh hashanah, generally in september or early october. While jonah eventually did what he was asked to do, the book closes with showing jonah as a bitter man.
Concern for the salvation of all people, including ones enemies, is the proper attitude for people of god. The book of jonah intro to jonah biblica the international bible. Do not hold us accountable for killing an innocent man, for you, lord, have done as you pleased. During the time of the minor prophets, the nation of israel had divided into two separate countries, each with its own government. Nineveh was the main city of the assyrians who were the enemies of jonahs country of israel. To save jonah from death, the lord prepared and sent a great fish to swallow the prophet 1. An outline and a brief historical background for the book of jonah created date. The book of hosea consists of fourteen chapters, which was the record for a minor prophet until zechariah tied it a couple centuries later. The book of jonah is a book of the neviim prophets in the hebrew bible. But he could not understand how god could love even foreign nations who did bad things. Then the lord sent a great wind on the sea, and such a violent storm arose that the ship threatened to break up. Ac 1188 2 but then we find a startling, thoughtprovoking passage in the work called spiritual.
Jonah 1 niv bible the word of the lord came to jonah son. Sep 02, 2016 jonah chapter video clips from the heart of the sea3dcity of nineveh song voices instrumentaldisturbed. Meet the god of second chances in the book of jonah. And jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. Jonah free bible commentary in easy english easyenglish bible. The book of jonah demonstrates the sovereignty of the almighty as he employs his creation to accomplish the divine plan.
The book of jonah, written primarily in the third person, does not explicitly name the prophet as the author of his own account, but we have no reason to doubt either the inspiration or the historical veracity of the book. Tolkien as the author of the hobbit and the lord of the rings. After paying the fare, he went aboard and sailed for tarshish to flee from the. The miracles partially look like coincidents but the hand of god is behind them all. Bibles easytoread, niv, niv study bible, rsv, new living bible, neb, good news.
Verses 12 this book is a story about god and jonah. It is one of trei asar the twelve prophets in the tanakh, and in christian tradition as oi dodeka prophetai or ton dodekapropheton, greek for the twelve prophets. The issue is complicated somewhat by the use of the. H people were curious about dylans favorite activities. The book of jonah shows its readers that much like jesus teachings in matthew 4. Jonah is the fifth of the twelve prophets in the book of the twelve in hebrew scripture. Book of jonah, the fifth of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets, embraced in a single book, the twelve, in the jewish canon. The book of jonah niv audio bible non dramatized youtube. When the men threw jonah overboard, the lord sent the calm 1. Jonah, however, started out to flee to tarshish from the lords service.
The book of jonah started out entertaining, quickly became disturbing, then got even darker, became kind of boring, and wound up to be quite moving. He was from the town of gath hepher, which was north of nazareth and west of the sea of galilee means violin. T he book of jonah is an old testament story which tells about how the prophet jonah refused to follow the lord. A free bible commentary on the book of jonah in simple english.
I cried out to the lord because of my affliction, and he answered me. How long was it to be before the city jonah had a message for was overthrown. However, this seems very unlikely, as he does not claim to be the author, and he is constantly referred to in the third person. The book tells the story of the prophet jonah, who was called by god to go to the heathen city of nineveh, which god would soon destroy if they did not repent. A book for jonah alvin independent school district. Jonah flees from the lord the word of the lord came to jonah son of amittai. Set in the reign of jeroboam ii 786746 bc, it was probably written in the postexilic period, some time between the late 5th to early 4th century bc. The book begins with god telling jonah to go to the great city of nineveh. So instead, jonah ran away from god and went in a ship towards. There he made himself a shelter, sat in its shade and waited to see what would happen to the city. The book of jonah 03 jonah 3 fighting god grace church fellowship bible studies june 22, 2014 03 1then theword oflordcame tojonahasecondtime. The book of jonah preface those of you who are familiar with the story of jonah and the whale know that jonah hopped a ship heading in the opposite direction when god commanded him to go preach to the ninevites. Book of jonah simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nineveh was an enormously large city a three days walk across.261 1083 1595 506 97 606 74 1328 1407 538 409 189 1138 1062 1159 735 743 1154 719 452 753 756 122 1420 946 1590 401 422 1376 833 1250 735 140 1418 878 1531 162 152 437 450 1023 736 728 1134 478 369 851 200 247 973 242